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Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)

Preserving Vision for a Fulfilling Life

Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) stands as a leading cause of blindness among individuals aged 60 and above. While cataracts may be more widely recognized, ARMD poses a significant threat to vision health, necessitating early detection and intervention.

Understanding Age-Related Macular Degeneration

ARMD specifically affects the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of your eye. Within the retina lies the macula, responsible for central vision. As ARMD progresses, the macula’s ability to perceive light diminishes, leading to partial or total loss of central vision. Late-stage ARMD hinders individuals from seeing objects directly in front of them, impeding activities like reading, driving, using a computer, or recognizing faces.

Detecting ARMD in its early stages is crucial since symptoms are often absent until vision starts to deteriorate. Regular eye examinations, particularly for those over the age of 50, play a vital role in identifying ARMD at its earliest onset.

Risk Factors Associated with ARMD:

  • Age: Advanced age is the primary risk factor for ARMD.
  • Family History: Having a family history of ARMD increases the likelihood of developing the condition.
  • Ethnicity and Gender: Caucasians and females face higher risks.
  • Sun Exposure: Prolonged exposure to sunlight can elevate the risk.
  • Smoking: Current or past smoking habits increase vulnerability.
  • Genetic Predisposition: Certain genetic factors may predispose individuals to ARMD.

Mitigating the Risks of ARMD

While complete prevention of ARMD is challenging, certain measures can help reduce the risks and slow its progression:

  • Regular Eye Examinations: Routine eye exams facilitate the monitoring of retinal health.
  • Nutritional Supplements: Here at Meridian Vision we offer the most cutting-edge of supplements, including MacuHealth and MacuHealth+.
  • Healthy Lifestyle: Adopting a healthy lifestyle can positively impact ARMD risks. This includes quitting smoking, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
  • Eye Protection: Wearing sunglasses that shield against UVA and UVB rays and utilizing blue light protection while using electronic devices is advisable.

Treating ARMD

ARMD manifests in different stages, categorized as dry and wet ARMD. While dry ARMD is more common, wet ARMD is more severe and progresses rapidly.

For individuals with wet ARMD, treatment options such as medications or laser therapy can help slow down vision loss. In cases of dry ARMD, close monitoring, nutritional supplementation, and lifestyle adjustments are key components of management.

Detecting ARMD

Traditionally, dilated eye exams have been employed to detect changes associated with ARMD. However, advancements in computer-based technologies now enable eye doctors to identify the earliest signs of ARMD. At Meridian Vision, we offer cutting-edge diagnostic tools, such as ocular coherence tomography and digital retinal photography!